Steps to do Breast Self Examination and Care

Breasts are the most tender and feminine aspect of a woman’s body. To keep up with breast health, they require regular attention for one to detect the difference between what is normal and abnormal. One out of every 8 women is perceived with breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most common breast disease. Early detection of breast cancer has 98% survival rate. Early recognition starts with self-examination and cautiousness.

Symptoms of breast cancer:

Dear women, breasts are a part of your body. You need to observe them so that you can know when there is any transformation. Look out for lumps, sudden inverted nipple, liquid discharge when not breastfeeding, change in breast texture or swelling near the boobs area. These are the premature signs of potential breast cancer. If you observe any of these symptoms, it is high time to inspect your breasts.

Steps for self-examination of breasts for breast cancer:

Firstly, do not panic. You have still not consulted a doctor and have not taken a mammography to confirm the breast disease. It is a matter of concern, no doubt, but losing your calm will not do any better.

Recognize with observation:

Step 1: Stand straight in front of a mirror with shoulder slightly pulled back but straight and arms on the hips. Now look into the mirror to examine the breast carefully. If you notice dimpling, puckering, inverted nipple or swelling near the breast area, immediately visit a doctor.

Step 2: Now raise your arms in the air and look if the breasts look abnormal, swelled or un-even.

Look for lumps:

Step 3: Once the standing positions are done, lie down on a flat surface and feel your breast for lumps while lying down. Use right hand to feel the left breast and vice versa. Keep your finger flat, together and firm. Move this pad of fingers in a circular motion on the breasts. While moving, cover the entire breast i.e. from the top of collarbone to abdomen and from the cleavage to armpits for the sides.

You can begin with the nipple moving outwards in circular movement or you can move the finger pad vertically, up and down covering the entire breast. Apply proper pressure to check for lumps thoroughly. For the tissue right beneath use light pressure, tissues in the middle of the breast require medium while the rest of the breast requires fierce pressure to such an extent that you can feel your ribcage.

Step 4: Once you have learnt this technique of checking for lumps, perform this exact procedure in the standing/ sitting position. Women prefer to execute this in the shower as the examination is smoother. Take optimum breast care to avert breast diseases.

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