With lifestyle disorders and high stress levels, stroke is a commonly prevailing dilemma. Stroke occurs when the blood flow to an area in the brain is cut off due to which it id deprived of oxygen. Stroke survival might inhibit the body for free movements and for performing routine activities especially when the part of the brain that controls movements is affected. Physiotherapy exercises can be a great start to the rehabilitation.
Physiotherapy exercises in stroke:
As perilous as stroke is, not taking enough measures after endurance can magnify the negative effect. Though difficult, being physical active is essential during the early recovery stage. Physiotherapy especially averts any complications during this phase.
Passive Rom Exercises:
Like is grammar passive voice means portraying active voice in a differential manner, similarly passive exercises are movement of a weak body part that cannot voluntarily move with external assistance. External assistance can be your own supplementary body part or you can opt for guidance of a therapist or machine. Passive exercises are mandatory to perform so that joint contractual can be prevented. Target areas are shoulders, wrists, arms and elbows.
Active range of motion exercises:
When a person can move their body parts on own, it is active range of motion. These exercises boost flexibility, muscle endurance and build the strength to perform chores.
Active range of motion exercises can vary with:
- For lying position: Ankle-toe movement, hip abduction, knee extension, static quadriceps, knee to chest.
- For sitting position: Toe and heel raise, toe curl ups, knee extension.
- For standing position: Squats, one leg standing, hip movement while standing, toe and calf raise.
Resistance training exercise:
Resistance exercises are where a certain body part is moved against resistance. This type of training will gradually overload the muscles thus in turn making them stronger over a period of time. Post stroke resistance training is essential to regain the lost power and stamina. Resistance training equipment includes dumbbells, bands, putty and machines designed for resistance purpose.
Weight bearing exercises:
Weight bearing are unfamiliar yet vital post rehab exercise. After a stroke, if one body part for example a leg is weak, entire weight is put on the strong leg. Due to this the weak leg becomes brittle as there is decreased bone density. Weight exercises assist in reducing excessive tone brought on by a stroke and fortify weak muscles. Arms and legs are targeted during weight training.
Other physiotherapy exercises like stretching, balancing exercises, gross/fine motor skills, brain exercises, eye exercise, speech and even swallowing exercises are conducted post stroke. Stroke is an intensive mishap and necessary measures need to be adopted to completely heal from its after effects. Physiotherapy exercise is the best stroke rehab technique. In such a delicate condition, the stroke patient is expected to rest rather than taking frequent physiotherapy visits to the hospital. With Healers at Home, we care to provide the best of physiotherapists at affordable prices right at your doorstep where you can recover in peace.